Consultations on medical assistance in dying (MAID) eligibility criteria and request process

A. Demographic Information

B. Eligibility to receive medical assistance in dying

This section provides background information on eligibility to medical assistance in dying in Canada, and will help you complete the following questionnaire.

“Eligibility”, in the context of medical assistance in dying (MAID), represents the list of criteria a person must meet to receive MAID.

In Canada, to legally receive MAID, a person must: 

  • Be 18 years of age or older
  • Be eligible for health services funded by the federal government, or a province or territory (or during the applicable minimum period of residence or waiting period for eligibility)
    • Most visitors to Canada are not eligible for medical assistance in dying
  • Be able to make health care decisions for themselves
  • Make a voluntary request that is not the result of outside pressure or influence (for example from a health care professional, other family members, etc.)
  • Give informed consent after they have received all of the information they need to make their decision, including their medical diagnosis, available forms of treatment, and available options to relieve suffering (including palliative care)
  • Have a “grievous and irremediable medical condition”, meaning that a person:
    • has a serious illness, disease or disability
    • is in an advanced state of decline that cannot be reversed
    • experiences unbearable physical or mental suffering from an illness, disease, disability or state of decline that cannot be relieved under conditions that the person considers acceptable
    • is at a point where their natural death has become reasonably foreseeable, taking into account all medical circumstances, and not requiring a specific prognosis as to how long they have left to live.

A person does not need to have a fatal or terminal condition to be eligible for MAID.